Seminar: “Citizens or Subjects; the Case of ME”

On December 16, 2023, a seminar titled “Citizens or Subjects: the Case of ME” was conducted by Mr. Muhammad Sharif Ebrahimi. The presenter highlighted the relationship between governments and people in terms of the issues of citizenship and subjects. The seminar distinguished the issues of citizenship and subjects according to political rights and civil liberties. It also referred to the Freedom House classification of freedom status in the Middle East. The seminar concluded that the lack of political rights and civil liberties in the policies and practices of ME governments has transformed the status of citizenship into a subject one in many countries.